THE SYMBOL OF COMPASSION

Yunus Emre, who said he created the creature in love. Children of Anatolian lands kneaded with this awareness. Man, every animal that is respected without discrimination of animals. This respect and compassion have gone so far that it has influenced the products given in many fields from architecture to art. One of the most valuable architectural structures in which feeling is formed is the bird houses.

Bird Palace, Sparrow Palace or Bird’s Lodge

These structures, known as ı bird palace ın, ın sparrow palace 18. and land bird house görül, started to be seen in the Ottoman architecture from the end of the 17th century. The bird houses built during the Ottoman Empire period are found all over the country, especially Istanbul. Bird houses, the west of the Ottoman architecture, which does not use sculpture and relief, very heavy-headed and decorated the exterior facades

Representation of architectural period

The bird houses that do not remain as a means of showing the love and compassion of the Turkish society reveal the fine taste of the artists who shaped the Turkish art, the wide imagination, the importance given to the details and the architectural understanding of the period. These architectural structures, which are mostly designed for pigeons, serce, swallows and storks, initially decorated mosques, madrasas, libraries, inns, churches, etc., and then started to be placed on the walls of individual houses. Although some of these architectural structures made of brick, tile and stone have survived to the present day, wood samples have been destroyed by fires.

Cultural culture kneaded with faith

One of the most important factors in the development of this sensitivity towards living beings in Ottoman society was that they adopted the belief in Islam. Both the Prophet. Hadiths and stories about animal love of Muhammad as well as animals belonging to Islamic faith have enabled the development of this sensitivity. According to Islamic belief, the pigeon, which is accepted as a sinless creature, which is the symbol of purity, cleanliness, good livelihood, peace and brotherhood, represents the Spiritual Jerusalem in Christianity. Hz. While hiding in a cave in the Sevr Mountain, Muhammad had found that a pair of pigeons laying on the tree at the entrance of the cave made nests here, thus laying eggs on them. The belief that they are the savior of Muhammad is common. It is especially helpful for the public to establish and settle in religious buildings.

Foreign travelers could not remain indifferent

The interest in bird houses and animals, which have an important place in Ottoman architecture, has not escaped the eyes of foreign travelers. In 1874, the Italian traveler Edmando De Amicis visited Istanbul. The Turks protect and nurture the birds. Birds are also around their houses, on the sea and among the tombs. Everywhere in Istanbul, there are birds flying around man. An Another traveler, Le Brayn; The good of the Turks is not limited to people. It includes animals and birds. They also like to give goodness to animals like the great interest they show to the old and children. Storks and swallows can make their nests on the Turkish house they wish without exposing them to expulsion. Diğer French traveler AL Castellan reflects these beauties as follows: ”Grain is brought to Istanbul by ships, and is discharged to ports.

MINIATURE STRUCTURE

The bird houses, which look like a model, are like the aesthetic expression of animal love in Ottoman society. It has taken an important place in Turkish society since the period before Islam. Turkish culture, art, ethnography and folklore have always taken place.

According to fairy tales, as a half-man, half-eagle-shaped, flaming and sun-dwelling Phoenix created on the Mount Kaf, it is legendary as the head of birds. For the stork, which are considered to be the sheikhs of the birds, the narratives circulate among the locals: dön Visit the mosques while going to Hajj, and turn the Kaaba on the way from there ey.